The internet is a playground for cybercriminals and fraudsters – for many, this is an annoying and frightening reality. The threats from unwanted software range from harmless advertising to trojans, which can paralyze complete computer networks. The forms of malicious software or malware are diverse, the countermeasures often very simple. In our article, you can read about how ransomware, spyware, adware, and scareware differ, and how you can effectively protect your computer. [...] ►
Manually organizing a large local network can be a nerve-wracking and very complicated matter. Without your own DHCP and DNS servers to support you in the distribution of addresses and name resolution, all IPs would have to be entered manually and also updated independently if changes are made in the network. Zeroconf implementations like Bonjour, which connect network components without almost no necessary configurations, often prove to be a useful alternative. [...] ►
There are daily reports on how security gaps in applications are exploited – because hardly a day goes by without a new gap being discovered or a known gap being closed. One attack method, which has always been based on exploiting such weak points, is called SQL injection. But what is actually hidden behind the malicious database exploitation and how can you protect your database system from it? [...] ►
Dividing a corporate network into smaller subnets has some advantages in terms of speed, security, and logical organization. However, many people find it difficult to set up. Binary computational operations and long series of numbers are frightening, but the principle itself is not so complicated. We explain what subnetting is, how to calculate a subnetmask, and what you need subnets for, so that you can create them yourself. [...] ►
Whether a home PC, work laptop, or website server – without an operating system, the management of hardware resources wouldn’t be possible. Windows systems have proven themselves over the years, and Apple computers run with Mac OS X as the standard, but Linux distributions are no longer a niche in the server environment. Ubuntu, for example, continues to build on traditional open source structures, but over the years, has developed into a multimedia platform that’s characterized by more than just user comfort. [...] ►
When you call up a website, the entered domain first needs to be turned into an IP address and read out from the browser so that the page can finally appear in the browser. This process is known as name resolution. Here, the root name server or (DNS) root server in the domain name system plays a key role. But what is a root server? And what exactly goes on when they receive requests for translating a domain name into an IP address? [...] ►
When several computers are connected to one another it is known as a network. Networks enable data exchange between different devices, making shared resources available. Different network types are implemented depending on which transmission techniques and standards are used. These differ in terms of the number of connected systems and potential reach. [...] ►
Businesses use IDSs (intrusion detection systems) and firewalls in order to keep attackers away from sensitive IT systems. These safeguards can be enhanced through so-called honeypots, which bait hackers to isolated network areas where more information on their attack patterns can be collected. Find out more here on how honeypots work and with which programs honeypots can be implemented for both serverside and client-side setups. [...] ►
If you set up your own VPN server, then you can access your local network from any internet connection, not to mention allowing you to move around the internet more securely, while also being encrypted, from public WLAN networks. This tutorial shows that the Raspberry Pi mini-computer and the already established OpenVPN program are perfectly sufficient for the creation and operation of a VPN server. [...] ►
The duel between Linux and Windows may have an obvious victor on the home computer front, but the battle for server use paints a very different picture: since the beginning, Linux has bested Windows, as usage figures show. But many users remain unconvinced by statistics and rightfully ask the question: what are the actual differences between the two platforms? [...] ►
1&1 Server Guide: professional tips on configuration and administration
Servers are what make up the physical basis of the internet. Setting up your own professional site, putting products online for sale, or connecting multiple company locations with one another: all of these tasks require the support of high-performance computers. And it doesn’t matter if you purchase hardware resources for your own data center or opt for the flexibility of cloud services: operating a server comes with the challenge of independently configuring and administering hardware components. But don’t worry, there’s a lot of support out there for these tasks. In the Server Guide of 1&1’s Digital Guide series, you’ll find regular articles, news, and tutorials on how to operate this indispensable component of today’s IT infrastructure.
Server information for businesses, developers, and tech hobbyists
Packed with practical tips, our guide covers a wide spectrum of topics primarily aimed at mid-sized companies, freelance developers, and tech hobbyists. While some articles, like ‘What is a server?’ or ‘DNS – name resolution online’ cater more to beginners, experts are by no means left hanging; there’s a wide range of detailed texts and tutorials on important tasks like choosing the best operating system, filling security gaps, or getting the best possible performance out of your software and hardware.
What you can expect in the 1&1 Server Guide
If you take a look, you’ll notice our guide is divided into four different subcategories, each covering a different topic. The ‘KnowHow’ area sets out to familiarize beginners with the basics of operating a server. Details on different server types and how to use them are also laid out here. Tips and tricks on managing server software is found under the keyword, ‘Configuration’. The category, ‘Security’ is all about dealing with potential problems server operators may encounter from online threats. Conventional methods of attack, like viruses, worms, and Trojans, and what you can do to combat them are explained here. And the category, ‘Tools’, provides useful guidance on what resources can help make administering your server a more manageable task.