Under Linux, all actions that you can carry out with the mouse and window system via the graphical user interface can also be performed using program calls in the terminal – provided you know the appropriate command and how to use it according to the correct syntax. To make working in the terminal easier, we provide you with an overview of basic Linux commands with detailed descriptions and practical examples. [...] ►
Raspberry Pi is an inexpensive small form factor PC that can behave like a standard computer in many respects. Users can use this innovative mini-computer for all kinds of functions, from setting up an operating system to surfing the web, to using it as a server or a media center, and much more besides. Discover 10 interesting Raspberry Pi projects to try out at home. [...] ►
When you call up a website, the entered domain first needs to be turned into an IP address and read out from the browser so that the page can finally appear in the browser. This process is known as name resolution. Here, the root name server or (DNS) root server in the domain name system plays a key role. But what is a root server? And what exactly goes on when they receive requests for translating a domain name into an IP address? [...] ►
The open source container platform Docker is quite exciting to the open source community. As an alternative to hardware virtualization based on virtual machines, Docker has made the use of software containers acceptable outside of the Linux universe. In our tutorial for beginners, we break down the Docker trend from the ground up. With these clear, step-by-step instructions, learn how to install Docker, what the deal is with its images, and how to download these images from the Docker hub and run them locally as containers. [...] ►
For the past 30 years, the file transfer protocol (FTP) has supported computer users with the transfer of data in TCP/IP networks. FTP servers enabled not only the upload but also the download of files, in which each access is controlled via a separate connection. In this Ubuntu FTP server tutorial, you’ll learn how to install, configure, and run your own server under the Linux distribution. [...] ►
E-mail, instant messaging, or voice-over IP: If you want to communicate over the internet, you should make sure that the data transfer process can be trusted. The same goes for the World Wide Web. With online banking and digital shopping, money transactions are increasingly being carried out online. Popular encryption methods like DES, AES, or RSA should guarantee the security of passwords, credit card numbers, and other sensitive data. But what do these cryptic abbreviations mean, and how does encryption work on the internet? [...] ►
Both the private Raspberry Pi IP address and the public IP address of the internet connection are constantly changing for most users. Such dynamic IP addresses aren’t practical for the use of a minicomputer. But if you want to use server software effectively on your Raspberry Pi, you need a static IP address for the computer in the local network. The internet access used to make the server accessible online also requires a constant address. This guide explains how to set it all up. [...] ►
Docker is currently doing very well for itself, but there are many forerunner technologies and competitor products following in the market leader’s wake. They also offer attractive alternative solutions for resource-saving virtualization on an operating system level. We give you an overview of the most important options in the container industry, and introduce established container formats and virtualization concepts. [...] ►
If you’re connected to an internet router and power on your computer, it automatically obtains the necessary network parameters, such as the IP address, subnet mask, or DNS server. This is made possible by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which simplifies address assignment when connecting to the internet and makes setting up local networks easy as pie. [...] ►
Speed and reliability play an important role for data transfer in networks. They reflect the quality of the connection, which is why providers do everything they can to guarantee the agreed services. A method primarily used in virtual private networks is the so-called multiprotocol label switching (MPLS). [...] ►
1&1 Server Guide: professional tips on configuration and administration
Servers are what make up the physical basis of the internet. Setting up your own professional site, putting products online for sale, or connecting multiple company locations with one another: all of these tasks require the support of high-performance computers. And it doesn’t matter if you purchase hardware resources for your own data center or opt for the flexibility of cloud services: operating a server comes with the challenge of independently configuring and administering hardware components. But don’t worry, there’s a lot of support out there for these tasks. In the Server Guide of 1&1’s Digital Guide series, you’ll find regular articles, news, and tutorials on how to operate this indispensable component of today’s IT infrastructure.
Server information for businesses, developers, and tech hobbyists
Packed with practical tips, our guide covers a wide spectrum of topics primarily aimed at mid-sized companies, freelance developers, and tech hobbyists. While some articles, like ‘What is a server?’ or ‘DNS – name resolution online’ cater more to beginners, experts are by no means left hanging; there’s a wide range of detailed texts and tutorials on important tasks like choosing the best operating system, filling security gaps, or getting the best possible performance out of your software and hardware.
What you can expect in the 1&1 Server Guide
If you take a look, you’ll notice our guide is divided into four different subcategories, each covering a different topic. The ‘KnowHow’ area sets out to familiarize beginners with the basics of operating a server. Details on different server types and how to use them are also laid out here. Tips and tricks on managing server software is found under the keyword, ‘Configuration’. The category, ‘Security’ is all about dealing with potential problems server operators may encounter from online threats. Conventional methods of attack, like viruses, worms, and Trojans, and what you can do to combat them are explained here. And the category, ‘Tools’, provides useful guidance on what resources can help make administering your server a more manageable task.