Encryption

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: the best solutions

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: the best solutions

Chrome is the world’s most widely-used internet browser. The application scores points not only when it comes to security and speed, but also with its features such as cross-device synchronization of user data. But errors can occur even when surfing with Google’s wonder weapon. These can lead to the browser crashing or prevent certain pages from being accessed. The error message...

Two factor authentication: Protection for your accounts

Two factor authentication: Protection for your accounts

Poorly secured accounts on the web have repeatedly led thousands of people to become victims of hacking or phishing attacks and lose control of their accounts. With a two factor authentication, accounts can effectively be protected against such cases. Because more than just a password is required for log-in, internet criminals can’t do much with the spied credentials. Here, we explain how two...

Man-in-the-middle attack: an overview of attack patterns

Man-in-the-middle attack: an overview of attack patterns

A man-in-the-middle attack is a deceitful espionage attack which aims to listen, record, or manipulate sensitive data being sent between unsuspecting internet users. To do this, hackers rely on methods that enable them to position themselves, unnoticed, between two or more computers communicating with one another. We introduce you to some well-known attack patterns and countermeasures that can be...

Brute force attack: definition and protective measures

Brute force attack: definition and protective measures

Being constantly faced with headlines about stolen passwords, it’s understandable that many users are concerned. Your best bet is to make your passwords as complicated as possible and have them consist of many different types of characters. But even this won’t help if it’s the actual log-in area that isn’t secure enough. Even today, attackers are still successful with the notorious and simple...

Rainbow tables

Rainbow tables

Rainbow tables: they may sound innocent, but they’re actually a strong attack method for cybercriminals. Using rainbow tables, you can find out specific passwords in just a few seconds. To protect yourself and your users from such attacks, you should understand how the tables function. We explain rainbow tables using an example.

What is MAC spoofing?

What is MAC spoofing?

MAC spoofing is a method by which unique hardware addresses are masked using a Locally Administered Address (LAA) in the software. MAC spoofing can offer protection for your privacy when using public LAN or WLAN networks, but can also be used for illegal network activities. We explain to you here how MAC spoofing works and which settings in Windows must be accessed in order to change your MAC...

Server Name Indication

Server Name Indication

What is server name identification, really? Encryption technologies play a big role when it comes to surfing on the net. Credit card data and other personal information must not fall into the hands of criminals. For now, TLS is one of the protocols used for this purpose. But it has a disadvantage: it only functions when each IP address only hosts one domain. If multiple virtual services are...

Web analytics and data privacy

Web analytics and data privacy

Tracking tools can provide website operators with a useful indication on how to adapt an online project to suit a target group. These tools focus on user profiles, which reveal how users find the website, and which content provokes interactions. This information is based on user data, which can be subject to stringent data protection guidelines in some countries within the European Union. Find out...

UTF-8: encoding global digital communication

UTF-8: encoding global digital communication

UTF-8 is method of Unicode character encoding, which claims to cover all modern languages for data processing. The format has significantly influenced international digital communication. But what exactly does “UTF-8” mean? And what is special about UTF-8 in the Unicode character set? Here you can find out which structure the coding is based on, and which bytes are permitted in the standard...

Terminal Servers – the Secret Behind Remote Hosts

Terminal Servers – the Secret Behind Remote Hosts

In the days of mainframe computers and the first smaller networks, terminals were a crucial building block for sharing hardware and software resources. It is no coincidence that terminal servers – the central administrative entity of such networks – are in demand decades later, now that applications are to be made available to multiple users.