Network

What is a reverse proxy?

Cyber criminality is a big issue for most companies’ IT departments. Online attacks threaten the security of private networks and cause millions of dollars of damage per year. Popular targets are servers that provide online services and therefore require a permanent internet connection. An extra layer of security can be applied by using an upstream network component – the reverse proxy. This...

What is a proxy server?

A proxy server is a network component that provides an interface between a private network and the internet. A proxy makes it possible to have an influence on the data traffic, to cache packet data, and to conceal the identity of the communication partners by using different IP addresses.

How to install an Apache web server

The Apache http server is the standard web server for providing HTTP documents on the internet. But did you know it’s also possible to install an apache web server locally on your Windows PC? This is a great method of testing out web pages and checking scripts. To get started, all you need is the free software package and a few minutes.

Debian – the universal system software

Anyone looking to learn about Linux operating systems will come across Debian soon enough. The GNU/Linux distribution was one of the first of its kind and is still one of the most widely used today. Over 1,000 community members work on the Debian project, furthering the development of the collection. But how did Debian become so successful? And what makes this system software so interesting to...

DHCP: An overview of the Client/Server protocol

If you’re connected to an internet router and power on your computer, it automatically obtains the necessary network parameters, such as the IP address, subnet mask, or DNS server. This is made possible by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which simplifies address assignment when connecting to the internet and makes setting up local networks easy as pie.

Server operating systems: a history and overview

Operating systems have gone through some major changes over the years. While their beginnings are rooted in more humble, purely text-based user interfaces, today’s options have evolved into complex software packages with graphical interfaces, comprising an elegant go-between for hardware and software applications. Users, who have long since been equipped with a keyboard and mouse, are able to...

What is a VPN (virtual private network)?

VPN implementations offer an affordable alternative for locally connecting networks, as well as making network resources available for external devices. In contrast to corporate networks, no private communication network is required. Instead, like the internet, VPNs rely on networks, and protect sensitive data through a process known as tunneling.

What are the benefits of IPv6?

IPv6 is the newest version of the internet protocols, and should overcome the central issues of its predecessors. Included in these issues is the impending shortage of IPv4 addresses as well as the violation of the end-to-end principle by the strict separation of public and private IPs. This article gives an overview of the functions of IPv6 as well as the structure and distribution of address...

What is ARP? – Address resolution in networks

When computer information is sent in TCP/IP networks, it is first decompressed into individual data frames. In this way, you can transfer data of nearly unlimited size. The frames also contain the target system’s MAC address, without which a transmission would not be possible. If the physical address is not known, the sender must first be determined using the ARP Address Resolution Protocol. Here,...

NGINX: basics, installation, and set-up

For years, Apache had been the uncontested go-to web servers and comprised the basis of most websites published in the World Wide Web. The increasing technical requirements of modern web projects and the growing demands and expectations of internet users has brought on a sea change of sorts. Alternatives like NGINX are becoming ever more popular and are slowly creeping up on the classic server...