Protocols

HTTP 400 Bad Request | finding the causes

Internet users are often confronted with error messages. HTTP status codes can be especially annoying, and even more so if you don’t understand what they mean. The message 'HTTP 400 – Bad Request' is a mystery for many internet users, but luckily it can be solved in most cases. We explain what the error message means and how to fix the error. [...]  

What does ‘502 bad gateway’ mean?: Explanation and solution

HTTP status codes emerge when something isn’t running properly on the internet. In this respect, the 502 Bad Gateway error is no exception. But this familiar error message can be particularly tricky: It’s not actually clear where the source of the problem lies. In the chain of gateways along which internet requests run, the error could occur at a number of different points. This article explains where internet users and webmasters can start their search for the source of the error. [...]  

HTTP 503: how to fix website errors

It’s very likely that you’ve stumbled on the 'HTTP Error 503 The service is unavailable' notification or something similar during your daily browsing. The error message appears whenever a web server can’t display the website that the user is trying to access. There are many reasons for these notifications, just as there are many solutions. It’s your responsibility as the website operator to rectify the problem. [...]  

504 Gateway Timeout: How to fix it

If the error message ‘HTTP 504 Gateway Timeout’ appears when you attempt to open a website, it means that the allowed time for responding to browser queries has been exceeded. A lot of the time the culprit is not the web server itself, but instead some other component of the server, i.e. a gateway, which is integral to the path of communication. What does 504 gateway timeout mean? How can you fix the problem as a browser user or as a website operator? This and more can be read in our digital guide. [...]  

DHCP: An overview of the Client/Server protocol

If you’re connected to an internet router and power on your computer, it automatically obtains the necessary network parameters, such as the IP address, subnet mask, or DNS server. This is made possible by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which simplifies address assignment when connecting to the internet and makes setting up local networks easy as pie. [...]  

MPLS: What is Multiprotocol label switching?

Speed and reliability play an important role for data transfer in networks. They reflect the quality of the connection, which is why providers do everything they can to guarantee the agreed services. A method primarily used in virtual private networks is the so-called multiprotocol label switching (MPLS). [...]  

DNSSEC: internet standards for authenticated name resolution

Without the Domain Name System, users of the World Wide Web would have serious problems when trying to load websites and other online presences. It’s only thanks to this system that internet addresses appear in their trusted text format: they’re actually nothing more than combinations of numbers. The communication between browser and name server responsible for this isn’t actually as secure as you might think – which is why experts have been working on security solutions like DNSSEC for years. [...]  

What is Neighborhood Discovery Protocol(NDP)?

Network configurations today are done quickly. For those who do not rely on their own fixed settings for routers, computers, and more, the Internet Protocol family provides the appropriate set of automatic mechanisms to determine critical parameters, such as the default gateway, IP address, and MAC address. [...]  

NGINX: basics, installation, and set-up

For years, Apache had been the uncontested go-to web servers and comprised the basis of most websites published in the World Wide Web. The increasing technical requirements of modern web projects and the growing demands and expectations of internet users has brought on a sea change of sorts. Alternatives like NGINX are becoming ever more popular and are slowly creeping up on the classic server solution’s number-one spot. [...]  

Encryption methods: An overview

E-mail, instant messaging, or voice-over IP: If you want to communicate over the internet, you should make sure that the data transfer process can be trusted. The same goes for the World Wide Web. With online banking and digital shopping, money transactions are increasingly being carried out online. Popular encryption methods like DES, AES, or RSA should guarantee the security of passwords, credit card numbers, and other sensitive data. But what do these cryptic abbreviations mean, and how does encryption work on the internet? [...]